Legal Considerations

People hear ADA and think “expensive.” This has been proven to be mostly false as most changes actually involve no money.

A Benchmark Organization: The Northwest Justice Project in Washington State for citizens with chemical sensitivity/injury:  Check them out.    Also about their disability lifeline.



However, due to wearing a mask, having been homeless, and being ill, landlords will discriminate against you when you finally find a safe nontoxic home where you will save the landlord much money because you will stay and take care of the place as you know how precious safe housing is.  This discrimination is illegal but sadly what is fair and what is legal are not the same. My landlady wants to sell the building and is forcing me to move because prospective buyers are afraid I have a “plague” because they need to wear the provided by me Tyvek coveralls (for my protection, not theirs) before seeing my apartment. My landlady has MCS and so do her kids and her sister, plus she is a lawyer, who keeps saying the ADA is to protect landlords not disabled people. If I were able bodied without MCS I would not be forced to leave the one safe place I have in the world. Yes, she is breaking the law. And as with most discrimination there is nothing I can do but smile and nod.

For any ADA discrimination issue, I suggest going to your state’s Human Rights organization. To make their job easier, have all the information from these links for them. Precedent sets the law and we have enough favorable precedents (and no unfavorable ones of which I know), that in the hands of a decent lawyer, we can win.  Choose your battles. Housing that receives government funding has to do the reasonable accommodations and modifications on their dime. Private landlords, you have to pay. Private landlords are known to be dodgy, profit always comes before people. Doing lots of work yourself and then being illegally removed from your home could be devastating.  Private landlords, if being a landlord is their main income and also if they are lawyers, see tenants as the enemy. I have had to talk down hysterical lawyer landlords who were already on an offence-defense using FOG, fear obligation and guilt, to keep us from having a normal conversation. Landlords I have had who had lives aside from being landlords were wonderful, kind and talked to me as a person. My experience has shown me that renting from someone who wants peace not someone trained to win even if they are wrong is much less stressful. Lawyers have to be emotionally coddled, especially when they know they are breaking the law. it’s very draining to care take their feelings. My theory is that guilt is destroying them and their irrationality is from trying to justify doing harm to others to make money. My non-lawyer landlords treated me like family and we worked very harmoniously and I stayed for years, saving them a lot of money on painting, an empty apartment for rent losing income, renovations, etc. Hint: Most people hate being a landlord. Second HINT: All they want is to save money. Third HINT: Any promises made when you look at their apartment as they swoon all over you to get that money, have those promises in writing.  Fourth HINT: You never have to disclose your disability to a landlord. Even when negociating ADA needs. A doctor may have to write a note saying that your requests are necessary, but they never have to disclose why.

Subsidized Housing (& the Nightmare of Nonprofits)

With government funded nonprofits (which is almost all nonprofits, as they exist mostly due to government grants), you have more leverage. Things in your favor: They usually assume disabled people are stupid. They cannot afford decent lawyers. They do not want to be in the news. They are used to people giving up. Nonprofits are known to hire the very best, caring people 5% of the time and people who cannot get higher paying work because they are incompetent and rude 95% of the time. (I learned this from a mentor at a nonprofit where I interned in college.) What can help you is to learn is what grants they received and what the “how we determine success” measures are. Usually it is how many people they got working, or off meth, or something else that doesn’t apply to us. The government, which has never shown any concern or respect for us, sets the goals for nonprofits. (See the section on Vocational Rehabilitation to learn of where all disability agencies try to send you and why they are worthlessfor our real needs: housing.) A nonprofit has a boss: the grant givers, ie the government, and has to meet the goals of the grant givers, ie the government. Do not have any illusions that helping you is their main priority. I worked in that sector and have many friends who still do: The only goal of any institution is to protect itself, so their goal is get more funding by succeeding at what the grant givers, ie the government wants from them. You do not matter unless you fit a grant’s goals.

Disablity housing refuses many people with MCS illegally.  My favorite document is an oldy but goodie, where many wonderful precedents are listed by the government for the government.

Legal Opinion: GME-0009
Index: 9.207
Subject: MCS Disorder and Environmental Illness as Handicaps
March 5, 1992
MEMORANDUM FOR: Frank Keating, General Counsel, G
FROM: Carole W. Wilson, Associate General Counsel for
Equal Opportunity and Administrative Law, GM

Social Workers

I turned down OSU’s MSW program when I realized I’d have the lowest paying graduate degree and be burnt out in 6 months of yelling over people in need “I’m sorry, I cannot help you, we have no money, good luck.” (Like my case manager did to me until I showed her agency the ADA info below.) I’d either stress out and hate myself for not making any difference in the world or I would burn out and hate all our clients for demanding I do what the agency’s website promises. While in massive student loan debt. I hope this gives you an idea of what social workers are like. Like doctors, social workers hate lost causes. Either the person burns out trying to be fair in an unfair system or becomes cold and uncaring. There is a reason doctors will refuse patients with chronic illnesses. They hate ambiguity and failing as much as anyone else. Not being able to “fix” someone or even ease their suffering makes doctors and social workers upset and they often take it out on the patient or client. You may have experienced this with your family and friends, as they turn their rage about their powerlessness and grief about losing the future they wanted with you, on you, instead of owning their own feelings and working with them without blaming you for having experienced random misfortune.

I have been informed I see the other person’s side too much and cut them far too much slack. However, I hope this information helps you understand why you are treated terribly by people who are paid to help you.

As there is no funding for programs, a social worker can get to the dead ends for you. Mine, all young and idealistic, adoring me as social workers always do since I’m proactive and really am trying to improve my life, promised the moon. Not only did she get me nothing, she didn’t have the courage to tell me they took her off my case. For three weeks I emailed and called thinking we were still working together. I found out via gossip I no longer had an advocate.  People cannot handle the reality of living with MCS. They think they can help us and then are shocked when they see how discriminated against we are. Then they leave.  Most therapists also cannot handle our reality and so will try to convince us of one that makes them feel better about the world. No one wants to know what we know about the environment and the cruelty of humans.

Peer Groups (like Independent Living Centers)

The ILC goal is to help disabled people mainstream and stay out of the nursing home/rehabilitation home racket. Sadly, due to the financial and political power of the nursing home and home health care industry, independent living programs are barely funded. Medicaid will pay $3000 a night for me to be in a nursing home, sharing a room with someone, no control over even my food or bedtime or pay $10 an hour 12 hours a week for home health care so I can live independently. Remember, it’s always about the money. Independent Living is an underfunded theory of Utopia. Disabled people were freed from the prison workcamps and put into the community and then abandoned. Also the community doesn’t want disabled to join them  due to ADA financial fears. Many people would rather disabled people be warehoused out of site out of mind. Because many places are inaccessible, people often say they never have heard any complaints from the disabled community. Obviously that is due to the fact that they live in a world where disabled people are often barred. For most disabled people the world is 1950 but instead of “Whites Only” signs, there are “Able Bodied Only” signs on most doors – doors of doctor offices, therapists, co-ops and health food stores, health centers, places of worship, sidewalks: Let MCS remind you that you are in a community of 1 in 5 Americans with a disability, an oppressed minority, but the also the largest minority in the US.

However, ILC goals and MCS needs are very different.  For our survival we need to be removed from society and its daily toxic cesspool, not get trained for a minimum wage job, live in one room in a flophouse and be grateful for wheelchair lifts on buses and ramps at our doctor’s office. (I need those ramps, but it’s not an MCS issue.) While the city of Halifax has banned secondhand fragrance, like secondhand smoke is banned most places because one person’s bad personal choice should not endanger the lives of others, almost all of the world is off limits to persons with MCS. We cannot call ahead and ask if there is fragrance or make a map of accessible places, like someone can about stairs and ramps.

ILCs tend to run by persons with disabilities or PWD (wording that emphasizesemphisizes the person, not the disability).  Very few have any training in conflict transformation, nonviolent communication, consensus, collaboration, active listening, being an ally, etc. Often they mimic the same defensive, paternalistic, arrogant models of the only authority they know: social workers, government agencies, doctors, teachers, etc. but with a chip on their shoulder as they were told they’d never have power. Very few volunteers have much information on any services other than ones they use.  And they have no money. If you study any rights movement, you can see that most just take on the form of their oppressor, with much emotional baggage, and have no education in other forms of leadership and power.

Still, I highly suggest learning the history of the Disability Rights Movement. It is also our people’s history. The book “No Pity : People with Disabilities Forging a New Civil Rights Movement” by Joseph P. Shapiro is the best I have found.

U.S. Department of Education

Multiple Chemical Sensitivity Policy and Resources (2001)

“MCS Is Now Recognized as a Disability.  Both the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and the Social Security Administration (SSA) have recognized MCS as a disabling condition. People with MCS have won several Workers Compensation cases. A recent human rights lawsuit in Pennsylvania established the right of an affected person to safe living space in subsidized housing. Both the Maryland State Legislature and New Jersey State Department of Health have commissioned studies of MCS. The NJ study provides an excellent overview of medical and legal issues related to MCS.”


U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers For Disease Control and Prevention

Indoor Environmental Quality Policy (2010)

“Fragrance is not appropriate for a professional work environment, and the use of some products with fragrance may be detrimental to the health of workers with chemical sensitivities, allergies, asthma, and chronic headaches/migraines.” (page 9)


The United States Access Board

Board Policy to Promote Fragrance-Free Environments

“There is a growing number of people who suffer more severe reactions to these and many other types of products and chemicals. This condition is known as multiple chemical sensitivities (MCS) and involves people who have developed an acute sensitivity to various chemicals in the environment. People with MCS experience a range of debilitating physical reactions, some even life-threatening, to chemicals used in a variety of products, including fragrances and personal care products, deodorizers and cleaners, pesticides, wall and floor coverings, and building materials.  It’s a complex issue with a variety of triggering agents and physical reactions. Different people are affected by different products in different ways. The common factor is that the reaction, whatever the type, is very strong and disabling. Information needs to be developed on exactly what brings about such an acute sensitivity to certain chemicals, how and why this happens, and what can be done about it.”


HUD Policy Statement on Multiple Chemical Sensitivities as a Disability

“Hello, everybody. My name is Bennie Howard. I am the Acting Director of the Office of Disability Policy at the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. This video that you are about to see is designed to raise public awareness about how multiple chemical sensitivity affects the lives of thousands of Americans every day.

“Federal laws–specifically the Fair Housing Act, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act, and the Americans with Disabilities Act–prohibit discrimination on the basis of disability. HUD considers multiple chemical sensitivity to be a disability under these laws. Despite this coverage, the Department continues to receive many telephone calls and correspondences from people with multiple chemical sensitivity who report that their landlords refuse to reasonably accommodate their disability. If you, or anyone you know, believes that they have suffered housing discrimination because of their disability, please contact the HUD office nearest you. Fair Housing is not an option. It’s the law.”

That is from this Video: (The young woman at the end is how I am now.)

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)

MCS Disorder and Environmental Illness as Handicaps (1992)

“The General Counsel has accepted the attached memorandums the Department’s position on the issue of when Multiple Chemical Sensitivity Disorder (MCS) and Environmental Illness (EI) are “handicaps” within the meaning of subsection 802 (h) of the Fair Housing Act (the “Act”), 42 U.S. C. 3602(h), and the Department’s implementing regulation, 24 C.F.R. 100.201 (1991).  In sum, MCS and EI can be associated with physical impairments which substantially impair one or more of a person’s major life activities.  Thus, individuals disabled by MCS and EI can be handicapped within the meaning of the Act.  However, while MCS or EI can be handicaps under the Act, ordinary allergies generally would not be.”


MCS (Environmental Illness) and Social Security

Environmental Illness is explicitly recognized by Social Security. Their diagnostic code as used in the Social Security Administration’s current Program Operational Manual System, or “POMS Manual,” for Environmental Illness is DI 24515.064.

Multiple Chemical Sensitivities (MCS) Legal Overview

MCS can leave you helpless, alone, lonely, frightened, and embarrassed. You might have a seizure, or vomit or become too dizzy to walk, pain will impart as you take a breath of the perfume being worn by a person coming around the corner in the next aisle in a grocery store. You finally realize that you can no longer eat the same foods, or dress in the same clothes, or be close to the ones you love. Your life is being threatened by your environment and isolation in a very controlled setting is all that can save you for now. With a heavy heart you close the door to the world you once knew-the world of familiarity, along with the support and the love that was yours. Does this sound familiar?

MCS becomes debilitating for most of the individuals. Although MCS is very controversial both the U.S. Dept. of Housing and Urban Development and the Social Security Administration have recognized MSC as a disability. Many state agencies will help individuals with MCS by providing assistance with homemakers, counselors and many other very important services. Individuals with MCS have won Workers’ Compensation cases. A human rights lawsuit in Pennsylvania established the right of an individual with MCS to safe living space in subsidized housing. Both the Maryland State Legislature and New Jersey State Dept. of Health have officially commissioned studies of MCS. The NJ study provides an excellent overview of medical and legal issues related to MCS.

One of the most important law right now for individuals suffering with MCS is The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). The ADA prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in employment, programs and services provided by state and local governments, goods and services provided by private companies, and in commercial facilities.

The ADA was signed into law on July 26, 1990. It contains requirements for new construction, for alterations or renovations to building and facilities, and for improving access to existing facilities of private companies providing goods or services to the public. It also requires that state and local governments provide access to programs offered to the public. The ADA also covers effective communication with people with disabilities, eligibility criteria that may restrict or prevent access, and requires reasonable modifications of policies and practices that may be discriminatory.

The ADA gives the U.S. Dept. of Justice authority to issue regulations for title II and III of the ADA and to provide technical assistance and enforcement. The Department also has the authority to certify that a state or local accessibility code is equivalent to the ADA’s requirements for new construction and alterations.

Title III is very important to individuals with MCS. It states that (a) General. A public accommodation shall make reasonable modifications in policies, practices, or procedures, when the modifications are necessary to afford goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages, or accommodations to individuals with disabilities, unless the public accommodation can demonstrate that making the modifications would fundamentally alter the nature of the goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages, or accommodations. 36.201 General. (a) Prohibition of discrimination. No individual shall be discriminated against on the basis of disability in the full and equal enjoyment of goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages, or accommodations of any place of public accommodation by any private entity who owns, leases (or leases to), or operates a place of public accommodation.

If you feel that you were not treated fairly or you were still discriminated against even after you asked for accommodation due to your disability you may decide to file a formal complaint with the Dept. of Justice. The ADA laws will make life easier for you once you understand your rights as a disabled citizen.

10 thoughts on “Legal Considerations”

  1. Hello, I wrote this page. I am the creator of Safe Canary That is my story with the landlady. All of my website is copyrighted and it says so on the website. People are allowed to share but as it says on the website you have to give a link back to my website and also give credit to the person who did the work which is me. It’s neither fair not legal for you to be taking my work and claim it as your own. Please give me writing credit and also a link to Safe Canary Nest. Thank you. I will check in one week to see if this has been done and if not will contact my lawyer. I’m sure you probably just made a mistake but there are a lot of people stealing other people’s work and not giving credit. For people who work really hard researching the law and writing about it we deserve credit for what we have done. Thank you! This was brought to my attention by other people by the way.

    1. Heather, I just noticed your comments. Since I don’t maintain this web site frequently, I’m sorry for the delay in response.

      Of course, you deserve credit. I need to have your link to the information so that I can give you the appropriate credit. I thought I got this information from the site that I have linked on that page–“Legal Considerations.”

      My memory is not the best these days due to MCS…so please understand if I’m a little confused. As I post on the first page, my site is only a clearinghouse referencing back, usually at the end or the beginning of the page.

      My apologies.

      1. I speak brain fog LOL. Adding Lyme to MCS I totally get it. I’ve got the most resource links internationally I hear, but have friends check if they are dead twice a year because I can’t anymore from Lyme and babesiosis. I swore after all I went through 4 1/2 years ago (is that all? Feels like a lifetime…) when trying to get help and information and just getting dead link after dead link a lot of it was when still being poisoned and then when homeless in a car – it was so frustrating and I was bookmarking everything for myself but didn’t think I would live so I created that website figuring someone else could use that information if I died anyway , and I promised myself that nobody with brain fog and very few spoons was going to have to deal with constant dead links. And then the Lyme disease and babesiosis /malaria got so much more severe that I’m lucky I have friends with MCS who check it for me now. So I have to do is add new studies , stores etc. so I understand. I don’t know why the link that one of the people who helped with checking the website and is really active looking for things online for himself and people in Snowflake found a version that didn’t have a link and sent that to me. Unless he and I had incredible brain fog LOL! If so I’m sorry. Keeping everything up-to-date and adding any new relevant stuff is definitely a challenge. Organizations are usually run by one person so they come and go so quickly that the information they have disappears so I made cut-and-paste word backups for anything really important like study results or websites where there are medical studies and legal stuff . Just so it’s not lost when someone when MCS cannot maintain an organization by themselves. It said that the people who create an organization by themselves cannot come together and have one that is more people so it isn’t destroyed when one of us goes down with exposures or homelessness. But from experience it is really hard-working with other people with MCS because of brain fog and also the horrible emotional symptoms when you get slammed. My mother goes to rage, I go to terror.

        That’s why the online support groups have not been very supportive LOL!

        When I first saw your blog probably four years ago you were so much smaller! You have really grown immensely. When I do my additions – because it’s the only Vermont information for people with MCS I have new things all the time from my own experiences

      2. Heather, I’m sorry to hear about the lyme disease and babesiosis. That is one reason I’ve not been able to get my spouse to move to MA. I’m stuck in Florida.

        You’re absolutely right about getting MCSers to organize. We definitely need advocates who are healthy!

        Were you the one who got Senator Sanders to enter into the Congressional Record information on MCS?

      3. No, I’m just the one who keeps telling everyone about it. He did that when I was a teenager. He was the head of the committee studying Gulf War syndrome. So he’s been aware of MCS for a couple of decades at least ! And I was so upset that we finally had a celebrity speaker who was trending. He put into the Congressional record and also his endorsement of one of the movies made by the woman at chemical injury network I think? The woman who makes all those movies. He said multiple chemical sensitivity affects a large number of Americans and some other stuff. So we had two quotes from a celebrity trending. It was handed to us. We could have done so much public awareness . If Twitter and Facebook were used with memes. So many people following Sanders would have at least heard about MCS and believe and know that it is a real illness. Right there that is just such a giant loss. But because there’s no organization there’s no way to have any campaigns. And I often feel like the organizations are competing as opposed to cooperating. There just isn’t any grassroots movement – with people just focusing on housing that the government should build , they don’t realize how many steps there are before that can happen. First we have to do public awareness and tons of it. People have to care and people have to know it’s real. And we had that! I don’t know what kind of training people have community organizing, but it’s not that hard, the book doing democracy is the best guidebook I had in college.

        It is really hard living in new England because it’s definitely an epidemic.

      4. I think that I hit send on a supportive comment ! But I didn’t finish it! What I was going to say was (I hope you got the first part because my own brain fog cannot repeat it LOL! ) is that I remember your blog a while ago and there is so much more on it now! So when I update on SafeCanaryNest I will have you as one of the only blogs – they come and go to much for me to keep up with anymore. So the ones that have a lot of information already definitely are stable. I also will probably put you as a link somewhere else in resources , I’m just not sure what part. I have to update the Vermont page because of my own recent almost dead from Dr. thought they understood MCS and did not. Every November I almost died ever since getting poisoned. It’s ridiculous and always connected to a doctor. Usually a naturopath. So I’m grateful that is out-of-the-way LOL! Anyway thank you and I hope whatever else I wrote did go through! I’m doing everything with dictation now because of Lyme disease but my voice is going so it’s frustrating .

      5. Thank you, Heather. I would love a link to MaskedCanaries on your.

        I am sorry to hear that Linda’s health is waning. She is such a valuable source person on MCS and other invisible diseases.

        I have a wonderful acupuncturist who gets my chi recharged every two weeks. It is the only time that I go out…but I always get exposed on my way to the clinic, because I gather all the errands I need to run beforehand. That’s my cycle of life outside of being housebound. Ever since it hit the market in my area, Febreze exposure and Febreze-like VOCs always mess me up!

        Do not worry about who was involved in the initial complaint.

        May you overcome Lyme! Hugs to you and blessings. Brain fog is a bitch!

      6. Many blessings to you too! I’m really amazed of how much you can gather so often. It’s one of the reasons why I don’t really understand people having subscriptions to our toxic times. That same information is all over the place for free. People say it’s just to read advertisements. I’ve noticed that there’s some kind of generation gap between people who are now in their 60s and 70s and those of us who were able to be in the mainstream longer or are younger, we know about a lot more environmental justice and eco-friendly things happening in the mainstream that a lot of the older people don’t seem to know about happening.

        Thank you for your blessings! Hugs to you as well since we often are so touched deprived – I find that really screws me up LOL. I guess it’s not funny but it does add to a strange difference between me and others. Brain fog is totally a bitch! Strangely my ADHD hyperfocus can often overcome it but just with whatever the hyperfocus is on. So having NeuroDiversity in the beginning seems to make brainful different somehow. My Lyme specialist told me that there’s a high connection with autism. By that is I have no idea. Nobody does. But there’s definitely a neurological component because Lyme disease is one of the best ways to get MCS. I think if you have any sort of sensory neurological things going on that are more sensitive you have a greater chance of getting MCS. But that’s just my personal theory for my own life. X

      1. Thanks. The link I was sent by a friend didn’t have SCN mentioned. That’s really weird! I will check with him. No, it wasn’t Linda. He’s another Canary. I heard Linda’s health is declining.

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From a Yellow Canary of the 21st century, living in our disabling biosphere

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